Configuration Management vs Change Management – Definitions & Differences
Is configuration management part of change management? Or, is it the other way around?
A few months ago, there was an interesting discussion on one of the LinkedIn forum. The discussion was focused on configuration management vs change management. A few participants said that Configuration Management Plan is part of Change Management Plan. While other opined that change management plan is part of configuration management plan. Both set of participants provided their own reasons.
I think it was an entertaining discussion, but nothing more than that. One plan is not part of the other. PMBOK Guide clearly lists Configuration Management Plan and Change Management Plan as separate plans. PMBOK Guide mentions that they are subsidiary plans of Project Management Plan.
Configuration management and change management are complementary topics. Let us understand how.
Let us first understand the meaning of these terms. Sometimes, it is easier to understand the technical meanings of terms using normal dictionary. So, let us take a look at the English meanings of these terms
English Meanings of Configuration and Change
the relative disposition or arrangement of the parts or elements of a thing.
to make the form, nature, content, future course, etc., of (something) different from what it is or from what it would be if left alone.
Let us take an example of a machine. A machine is made up of components or parts. Each part is arranged in a specific configuration to make the machine whole.
In simple terms, configuration means arrangement of the parts while change means modification of the parts or the whole machine.
Initially, a configuration (arrangement) is created. Later that configuration can be changed.
Configuration Management and Change Management
Let us look at project management meanings of configuration management and change management. I have written a post that defines terms related to change and change management. You should read that post to understand the formal definitions before reading further.
You can refer to Max Wideman’s Glossary for some standard configuration management and change management. The Project Management definitions are technically more appropriate, but the English definitions also convey the right meaning. Moreover, the English definitions are easier to understand.
Configuration Management Activities
At a broader level, change management involves following activities.
Change Management Activities
At a broader level, change management involves following activities. You can read my article 9 Rules to Answer PMP Change Management Questions to find details of these activities.
In addition to the above activities, identification of CCB members and defining authority of CCB is also done as part of the change management.
Let us take an example of a small project to understand configuration management vs change management. Following things are known about the project.
Let is analyze the above statements. The project creates many items including, but not limited to final product, product components, deliverables, documents, and work artifacts. All the items are not considered as configurable items. All configurable items may not follow a formal change management process.
Difference Between Configuration Management and Change Management
As noted earlier, configuration management and change management are complementary to each other. But, there are a few important points of difference between configuration management vs change management.
- Configuration management deals with identification, maintenance, status reporting, and verification of configurable items whereas change management deals with identification, impact analysis, documentation, and approving or rejecting of change requests.
- All the configurable items are created before they can be changed. Once created, it is not necessary that all configurable items are changed.
- Changes to some of the configurable items may not follow a formal change management process.
Note: Many reference books and blogs have given explanation of configuration management vs change management. Some of them note that configuration management is only done for the products, which is incorrect. The PMBOK Guide clearly mentions that configuration management can be done for any type of artifact including product, product components, processes, documents, plans, and baselines.
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